Lube is a liquid or a solid base made of a mixture of oil (lubricant base material) and additives. Base oil which is widely used is generally derived from petroleum (produced from the distillation process of crude oil in refineries). While the base oil is not derived from petroleum produced from the chemical reaction process in the plant or produced from vegetable oils, it is commonly called Synthetic Lube. Lubricant base oil use from petroleum, commonly called the Mineral Lube. While synthetic lubricants is the designation for a lubricant base oil was not derived from petroleum but from a mixture of chemicals and has been through several process improvements and use formulas that are very advanced and sophisticated for best results. There are also Lube that use organic ingredients vegetable / herbs.
Lube Base Material
Such as animal fats. Lube of the animals was estimated age of the oldest lubricant.
Such as castor oil, palm oil, and cottonseed oil.
c. Mining products
Materials commonly used today are derived from the lubricant fraction of petroleum processing, these materials are usually called mineral oils and widely used because the material is cheap, and has many advantages.
d. Synthetic materials
Synthetic material is a chemical that is not a direct result of processing of petroleum. This material is the result of engineering chemists and lubricant specialists.
Additives are substances used to add additional on performance of the base oil to be better in use in some applications. The higher the quality of the additive then the price will also be high.
Lubricants can be divided into two:
1. Liquid lube is in the form of liquid, the term generally is oil.
2. Solid lube in the form of semi-liquid or soap, the term generally is grease.
The function of the lubricant itself there are a few:
- A substance that is or between two surfaces that move / rub to reduce friction between two surfaces.
- Reduce the temperature
- Reduce Corrosion / Rust
- Control of wear
- Isolating Power
- Reduce Shocks
- Clean manure / crust
To measure the level of the oil viscosity is used "Viscosity GRADE" Where in the industrial world is known by the name of ISO VG (International Organization for Standardization Viscosity Grade) While in the automotive world is better known as SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers).
Grease measurements are used as "NLGI (National Lubricating Grease Institute)" Grease itself comes from oil, which causes the grease to be solid and different viscosity of oil is due to the "Thickener" This is a thickening agent which is added to the oil. Thickener is itself a variety of existing Lithium, Calcium, Aluminum Complex, Gel, Polyurea, Sodium. A point to make the grease become resistant to temperature and environmental conditions are dusty too watery.
Sometimes there are colorful grease or something shiny, it does not become a reference of the ability of lubricating grease applications on the machine. That's just the color of the plant or from the vendor. The most important thing is to see Thickener Base Oil and grease from it.
Nowadays, many manufacturers of oil and grease, we should be more observant in selecting and using oils and grease that fits with existing applications. Also to note asking her where the factory, technical data sheets, specifications exist, and whether it has been registered at the Ministry. Do not let us choose the factory was not clear, its quality often declines, its specification is not complete. In this case we are talking about the use of oil and grease in the industries but did not rule for automotive.